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Pedagogical vision – framework

This daycare center is a place were children in Marangu can stay in the daytime and be taken care of, by competent adult workers. The children will have a safe place to stay.

The centre has four kinds of children.

1. Total orphan (a child without both parents)

2. Single parent orphan ( a child lost one of his/ her parents)

3. Disadvantaged children (children from difficulty environments although are not orphans). This group include children from low income families where parents can not afford to provide neccessities and pay school fees for their children.

4. Children who are brought by their parents for day care services due the parents being busy and have no one to take care their children when they are away for work. Also, this group include children whose parents are looking for pre-primary school education. NB:Many of them they need us, We decided to mix-up all these kinds of children in order to make the orphans not feel being discriminated. We want them to feel they are loved and cared as children with parents. The orphans are not kept at the centre, we normally talk to the families willing to stay with the orphans and the centre provides basic needs such as food, clothes and other daily needs. The centre also make a frequent follow up of the child in the families where children are staying. All children are supposed to be at the centre from 7.30am to 5.00pm and the centre ensure that children have breakfast, lunch and pre-primary school education. Meanwhile, the centre is assessing the children progress in cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains. They can play with other child and learn social skills. They will have a healthy meal every day. They will learn basic skills in English, Kiswahili mathematics, Science, Sound, Story telling, local history, singing, physical activity, and theatre art.


English for three years up to school age:

Basic words and simple sentences (oral). The worker can use physical objects like an orange, pen, book, etc. and say the word in Chagga, Swahili and English. The kids can also get the job to find objects and point at one of them and say the word in one of the languages and get help from the other kids and the workers to find the word in the two other languages.

Mathematics for three years up to school age:

The kids will be helping the workers counting each other, fruits, how many trees, etc. The counting can be in all the languages ore in one of them. They can also learn simple mathematics, like the workes hold up two carrots and get one more (plus) or put one of them in the soup (minus). They can also practice writing the numbers on paper or a blackboard. It can also be used different kind of games to learn counting and different mathematic skills to prepare for school.


Storytelling for all the children, can be in smaller group sometimes:

The workers will tell good children friendly stories, local chagga stories, Swahili stories, and also stories from other countries. They will learn how to tell a good story by listen to the grown up. The story can also be read from a book. The kids can play different characters from the story after. They will learn a lot of culture, history and ethics from the stories.

Motoric games for all the children, different groups divided by age:

The kids will learn fine motor skills and gross motor skills from doing different games, like ball activities, yoga for kids (like stand like a rooster, a dog, move like a snake, etc.), climbing up a tree, jumping games, singing and moving games, etc.


Music and dance for all the children:

The kids will learn to sing local songs and to clap/play the rhythm and dance to local songs. They can also sing some international children songs in English and the workers can translate the songs to chagga or Swahili. They can also practice for small performances on «open days» or other special days.

Cooperation with parents and caretakers

Communication between the daycare and the parents/caretakers of the children are important. Communication ensures the children’s well-being and enables the workers at daycare to give the children what they need.

The M.T.A.O Daycare expect the parents/caretakers to:

(If they are in a life situation where it is possible for them to make any contribution)

  • At least once every week drop off their child at daycare in the morning and/or picked up their child in the afternoon (this makes the communication between the daycare and the children’s home easier)

  • Contribute to the operating costs of the daycare, either economical or in other ways (help with maintenance, donate food, contribute with their working skills etc.)

  • If possible let the child stay at home if he or she is sick, and inform the daycare if the child is sick over a longer period of time

  • If possible, feed their child before coming to daycare in the morning


The parents or caretakers can expect from M.T.A.O Daycare that:

  • Their child is welcomed, taken care of and kept safe by adult workers when staying at the daycare

  • Their child is served one healthy meal for lunch every day

  • They will be informed of how their child is doing in the everyday activities at daycare

  • They will be informed if their child gets sick or injured at daycare

  • That their child will learn basic skills for school and daily life


Children without parents or known caretakers

Children without parent or known caretakers are welcome at M.T.A.O daycare.

M.T.A.O should try to find out where these children come from, where they stay outside of daycares opening hours.

Further, M.T.A.O should consider what actions are necessary, and possible to do for these children.


Work Instructions for workers at M.T.O.A Daycare

Routines and timetables are important to make the daycare work, and to make the days predictable and safe for the children and workers.

Therefore, all workers at M.T.A.O Daycare, both the regular staff and others, are expected to follow the work instructions, communicate with each other, be on time and inform if changes are necessary.

Regular workers at M.T.A.O Daycare are expected to
  • Show up on time and be available throughout the daycare’s opening hours

  • Count the children in the morning, and always keep track of who and how many children staying at the daycare (in case of emergency)

  • Inform leader and co-workers as soon as possible if sick or unable to come to work

  • Read and work in line with the pedagogical plan for content and tasks of M.T.O.A Daycare

  • Follow the guidelines for cooperation with parents and caretakers

  • Follow the guidelines for nutrition and health

  • Cooperate with and help other workers, members of M.T.O.A, students and volunteers that work at the daycare

  • Inform leader, other workers and children as soon as possible if changes are needed

Members of M.T.A.O, students, volunteers or others that occasionally work at the daycare are expected to;-
  • Show up as agreed with leader, and to be on time

  • Inform leader and the regular staff as soon as possible if sick or unable to come to work

  • To follow instructions from leader and regular workers at the daycare

  • To follow the time table/schedule, or communicate with leader or the regular workers if it is necessary to change the time schedule

Plan for the year

The workers will focus on different themes during the year especially in morning assembly, but also in activities in general. The different themes will last for one or two months.


Human- similarity and difference, same on the inside, different skin colors, different tribes, language, dignity, anti-racism/ anti-discrimination, why not bully each other, human rights, etc.


Agriculture. Learn about different vegetables, their names, how they taste (before and after boiling) how to prepare the vegetables and how they grow. Different types of plants and what they can be used for (ex medicine, some poisonous for humans, animal food. Names of different types of animals, and what humans get from the animal (e.g., milk, meat, skin, etc.). Visit some farmers in the local area and see how they keep their animals (farmers who take good care of their animals)


Hygiene. Why is it important to have a personal hygiene? What is bacterial? How to clean your body? How to clean clothes? Why clean hands before eating and after toilet visits? How to clean your hands properly?


Rain season: When is it? What happened when the rain comes to the ground? How much rain can come in one week, one day, one hour, etc. (put out a box to collect the rain). What happens in the sky and the clouds when it rains?


Emotions. How do we react when we are sad, happy, angry, excited, super happy, etc. How do we look like when we have this emotion? What makes us feel this thing? Ask the kids. What is the difference between angry and sad? Making different faces in front of a mirror or an other person who can be the mirror.


Drying season. What happen to the ground when it is drying season? Why is it no rain?  When is it coming and ending? What happen if we get no rain? Etc.


Easter/religion. Why do the Christians celebrate Easter, why do others not? Easter traditions? Do we know any other religion, and what do they celebrate?


The human body. What is the name of the body parts? What do we have inside the body? Find some pictures or a sculpture with the different organs. What happen to the food we are eating? What happen if we keep our breath/stop breathing? Have some of the kids any experience with any injuries or have been to hospital, what happened then? Why are many old people weak/sick? Etc.


Christmas. Why do we celebrate Christmas? Christmas stories. Why is someone not celebrating Christmas? Other religions? What do people with other religions believe in? Do everybody believe in the same God? Different churches and other religious houses in the local area?  Christmas traditions. Etc. Visit a churches or other religious building with the oldest children.


Small trips for 5-7 year olds. The small trips in the local area should be planed when there is some extra workes in the daycare (M.T.A.O members, students, volunteers). The kids can be split in to groups and go with one worker to Kinyange Marked to help by food, when it can fit in to the time schedule.

Other trips should be planed and organized more. If there is a plan to go to see agriculture and talk to the farmer, ore a church and talk to a preast, that should be planed well. What is the reason for the trip? What should the kids learn on the trip? Should they get some skills about the subject before the trip? How many kids can join the trip and how many adults? Are the kids able to walk all the way? Who of the kids was on a trip last time, is it some other this time? Where is it impossible to go in the local area (waterfalls, cave, museum, farms, market, etc.).

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